A description of the methodology for the clinical examination of patients with temporomandibular disorders according to the standard Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD)

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Anna Sójka, Jakub Pilarski, Wiesław Hędzelek



2/2017/XLV s. 45–48
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/df.2016.20

Fraza do cytowania: Sójka A., Pilarski J., Hędzelek W. A description of the methodology for the clinical examination of patients with temporomandibular disorders according to the standard Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). Dental Forum. 2017;XLV(2):45–48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/df.2016.20.

Abnormalities within the structures of the stomatognathic system are usually connected with pain and discomfort for the patients. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) have a negative influence on daily activities and social functioning, as well as affecting the quality of life. Recognition of the symptoms accompanying these disorders is essential in dental practice, and finding efficient methods of diagnosis is important. One of the main TMD classification systems is the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) published in 1992, which has been used extensively over the last two decades. In 2013 the new Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) were released and now they replace the old and less reliable RDC/TMD. The aim of this article is to present the information needed to perform clinical examinations according to standards of DC/TMD protocol and to give a concise specification of the procedures included in the DC/TMD examination form. The DC/TMD Protocol describes diagnostic activities useful not only in screening but also in precise evaluation of a given clinical case.

Key words: temporomandibular joints, temporomandibular disorders, RDC/TMD, DC/TMD.





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