Analysis of patients treated prosthetically in a clinic in Wroclaw from 2006 to 2013 following craniofacial injuries

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Włodzimierz Więckiewicz, Wojciech Florjański, Gniewko Więckiewicz, Andrzej Małysa

2/2017/XLV s. 59–63
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Fraza do cytowania: Więckiewicz W., Florjański W., Więckiewicz G., Małysa A. Analysis of patients treated prosthetically in a clinic in Wroclaw from 2006 to 2013 following craniofacial injuries. Dental Forum. 2017;XLV(2):59–63. DOI:

Introduction. Craniofacial trauma is a common form of injury. It can affect the right maxilla and/or left maxilla and/or mandible both in women and men. In such cases there is a need for prosthetic treatment. Aim. To present an analysis of prosthodontically treated post‑traumatic patients from the years 2006–2013 in the Chair and Department of Dental Prosthetics at Wroclaw Medical University. Material and Methods. The studied group consisted of 61 post‑traumatic patients, including 16 men and 45 women. The patients were interviewed and examined. Each patient was referred for radiological examination, and then a plan of prosthetic treatment was established and performed. Results. 1. In the studied period of time more women than men were reported to need post‑traumatic prosthetic treatment. 2. The majority of patients were from Wroclaw (47.6%). 3. Traffic accidents were the cause of 52.4% of the injuries that needed post‑traumatic prosthetic treatment. 4. The most common injuries, in 77.04% of the patients, occurred in the mandible. 5. Increased muscle tension occurred on both sides in 37.7% of the treated patients. 6. In 47.5% of the cases prosthetic treatment focused on the left and right temporomandibular joint. 7. The basic method of prosthetic treatment for post‑traumatic patients after craniofacial injuries was the use of relieving splints (81.9%). Conclusions. It should be noted that after performing the appropriate prosthetic treatment involving the implementation of a relief plate and supportive physiotherapeutic procedures such as Gerry’s muscular exercises and muscle massage, all post‑traumatic ailments subsided for up to 3 months after the beginning of treatment for all patients.

Key words: craniofacial trauma, prosthetic treatment, relieving splints.

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