Use of indicators in the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders

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Anna Sójka-Makowska, Magdalena Nowak, Yasmin Bartosik, Wiesław Hędzelek

1/2018/XLVI s. 59–65
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Fraza do cytowania: Sójka-Makowska A., Nowak M., Bartosik Y., Hędzelek W. Use of indicators in the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders. Dental Forum. 2018;XLVI(1):59–65. DOI:

Introduction. Temporomandibular disorder is a multifactorial pathology that affects more and more people. Aim. The aim of the study was to assess the frequency and severity of TMD symptoms in the group of students, using subjective indicators of OI and Helkimo Ai, and the clinical dysfunction index according to Helkimo Di, and to evaluate the use of indicators in DSZ diagnostics. Material and Methods. 89 patients were selected from the group of students, including 62 women and 27 men, aged 21-34 years. Information about the disorder reported was obtained from a clinical trial and a questionnaire based on the Occlusal Index (OI), the Helkimo Anamnestic Index (Ai), and the Clinical Dysfunction Indicator (Di). The necessary statistical analyzes were carried out. Results. From the results obtained after analysis using the OI, Ai and Di ratios, compared to the data presented in the collected literature, the symptoms of TMD in the student group were very high. Conclusions. It is advisable to use both subjective and clinical indicators of TMD. Helkimo's indicators allow for rapid diagnosis of patients and their classification into the appropriate risk group of TMD.

Key words: Helkimo Index, Occlusal Index, Anamnestic Index, temporomandibular disorder.

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