Evaluation of pro-healthy awareness among 5th year dental students in the context of ergonomic work

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Kacper Nijakowski, Anna Lehmann, Kacper Łaganowski, Anna Surdacka



2/2020/XLVIII s. 67–73
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/df.2020.10

Fraza do cytowania: Nijakowski K., Lehmann A., Łaganowski K., Surdacka A. Evaluation of pro-healthy awareness among 5th year dental students in the context of ergonomic work. Dental Forum. 2020;XLVIII(2):67–73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20883/df.2020.10.

Introduction. Dentists, as an occupational group, are particularly exposed to the high risk of musculoskeletal disorders. Dental students increasingly suffer from pain caused by improper habits and inappropriate attitudes during clinical procedures, already at the stage of pre-graduate work. Aim. To evaluate a pro-healthy awareness among 5th year dental students in the context of ergonomic work. Material and Methods. The survey was conducted between 2017-2019 among 219 dental students of the 5th year at the Poznan University of Medical Sciences. Each participant completed an anonymous questionnaire concerning their position during clinical work, their own observations and knowledge of pro-healthy behaviour. All respondents were divided into two groups according to gender – 157 women and 62 men – and a comparative statistical analysis was performed. Results. Already at the stage of pre-diploma clinical work, women are more likely to experience musculoskeletal pain associated with the use of the lateral bend of the torso and neck to improve their field of vision. Moreover, they show much less physical activity than men. Conclusions. Knowledge of the theoretical principles of ergonomic work does not guarantee the correct position at clinical work with the patient. In addition to education and training in ergonomics, appropriate workplace design, rest periods at work and regular physical exercise must be taken into account. Developing the habit of an ergonomic working position during the studies is key to the success in the future dental career.

Key words: dental students, work ergonomics, pro-healthy awareness.





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